Recoil.js

Recoil.js is a state management library, open-sourced by Facebook. It's offering a simple and powerful way of dealing with global, asynchronous and derived state.

We'll show basic usage of Recoil API with simple counter example.
Refer to official documentation for detailed usage. →

We need to wrap our code with RecoilRoot in root component.

pages/__app.tsx
import React from "react";
import { AppProps } from "next/app";
import { RecoilRoot } from "recoil";
function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }: AppProps): JSX.Element {
return (
<RecoilRoot>
<Component {...pageProps} />
</RecoilRoot>
);
}
export default MyApp;

An atom is simply a unit of state that component can subscribe. By updating the value, each subscribed component is re-rendered with the new value.

recoil/atoms/index.ts
import { atom } from "recoil";
enum Atoms {
Counter = "Counter",
}
export const counter = atom({
key: Atoms.Counter,
default: 0,
});

To read and write an atom from a component, we use a hook called useRecoilState.

components/RecoilExample/index.tsx
import { useRecoilState } from "recoil";
import { counter } from "recoil/atoms/index.ts";
const useCounter: () => [
number,
{ increase: () => void; decrease: () => void }
] = () => {
const [count, setCount] = useRecoilState(counter);
const increase = () => {
setCount((current) => current + 1);
};
const decrease = () => {
setCount((current) => current - 1);
};
return [count, { increase, decrease }];
};
export const RecoilExample: React.FC = () => {
const [count, { increase, decrease }] = useCounter();
return (
<>
<h2>Recoil Counter</h2>
<div>
<button onClick={increase}> + </button>
<span>{count}</span>
<button onClick={decrease}> - </button>
</div>
</>
);
};

Clicking on the buttons will update state and change count. It's that simple.


tip

We recommend watching Dave McCabe's presentation about Recoil to understand the logic behind the Recoil.

note

All required configurations will be handled automatically by CLI as long as you choose Recoil plugin during the project creation phase.

Adding Recoil to your project later#

If you didn't choose Recoil plugin during project creation phase, you can follow the instructions below to add it.

npm install recoil

Refer to official documentation for installation.

Last updated on by Necati Özmen